Converted the Dambulla caves into a temple
Contributed by : King Walagamba - (BC 104 - BC 103)
Era :

This temple complex dates back to the 1st century BC. It has five caves under a vast overhanging rock, carved with a drip line to keep the interiors dry. In 1938 the architecture was embellished with arched colonnades and gabled entrances. Inside the caves, the ceilings are painted with intricate patterns of religious images following the contours of the rock. There are images of the Lord Buddha and bodhisattvas, as well as various gods and goddesses.
 
The Dambulla cave monastery is still functional and remains the best-preserved ancient edifice in Sri Lanka. This complex dates from the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, when it was already established as one of the largest and most important monasteries. King Valagambahu is traditionally thought to have converted the caves into a temple in the 1st century BC. Exiled from Anuradhapura, he sought refuge here from South Indian usurpers for 15 years. After reclaiming his capital, the King built a temple in thankful worship. Many other kings added to it later and by the 11th century, the caves had become a major religious centre and still are. King Nissanka Malla gilded the caves and added about 70 Buddha statues in 1190. During the 18th century, the caves were restored and painted by the Kandyan Kings.
PHOTO GALLERY
Similar Work from Other Rulers - [Religious / Vihara]
Mahamevnāwa ParkKing MutasivaBC 367 - BC 307
Built Chethiyagiri ViharayaKing Devanampiya TissaBC 307 - BC 267
Built Mahaviharaya in MahamevnaKing Devanampiya TissaBC 307 - BC 267
Built Wessagiri ViharayaKing Devanampiya TissaBC 307 - BC 267
Built Upasika ViharayaKing Devanampiya TissaBC 307 - BC 267
Built Dambakola ViharayaKing Devanampiya TissaBC 307 - BC 267
Built Thissa Maha ViharayaKing Devanampiya TissaBC 307 - BC 267
Built Pracheenaraama ViharayaKing Devanampiya TissaBC 307 - BC 267
නාගරංජන විහාරය ඉදි කිරීම King MahasivaBC 257 - BC 247
විහාර 500ක් ඉදි කිරීමKing SuratissaBC 247 - BC 237
Built Lovamahapaya ViharayaKing DutugemunuBC 161 - BC 137
Built Mulgirigala ViharayaKing Saddha TissaBC 137 - BC 119
Built Kallaka Cave TempleKing Saddha TissaBC 137 - BC 119
Built Kulumbala ViharayaKing Saddha TissaBC 137 - BC 119
Built Pethanga Weli ViharayaKing Saddha TissaBC 137 - BC 119
Built Velangawetiya ViharayaKing Saddha TissaBC 137 - BC 119
Built Dumbul Wethis ViharayaKing Saddha TissaBC 137 - BC 119
Built Mathu ViharayaKing Saddha TissaBC 137 - BC 119
Built Kandara ViharayaKing ThulatthanaBC 119 - BC 119
Built Ritigala ViharayaKing Lanja TissaBC 119 - BC 109
Built Aritta ViharayaKing Lanja TissaBC 119 - BC 109
Built Athkanda ViharayaKing SuratissaBC 247 - BC 237
Built Negenahira Paw ViharayaKing SuratissaBC 247 - BC 237
Built Kolambalaka ViharayaKing SuratissaBC 247 - BC 237
Built Girinil Panakada ViharayaKing SuratissaBC 247 - BC 237
Built Kurunda Pasaka ViharayaKing Khallata NagaBC 109 - BC 104
Built Mandawapi ViharayaKing Mahasilu MahathissaBC 76 - BC 62
Built Abagala ViharayaKing Mahasilu MahathissaBC 76 - BC 62
Built Wagupawgala ViharayaKing Mahasilu MahathissaBC 76 - BC 62
Built Digabaagala ViharayaKing Mahasilu MahathissaBC 76 - BC 62
Built Waalagama ViharayaKing Mahasilu MahathissaBC 76 - BC 62
Built Thelagama ViharayaKing Kutakanna TissaBC 42 - BC 20
Built Mininapaw ViharayaKing Mahadatika MahanagaBC 9 - 21
Built Kalandaka ViharayaKing Mahadatika MahanagaBC 9 - 21
Built Samudra ViharayaKing Mahadatika MahanagaBC 9 - 21
Built Choolanaga ViharayaKing Mahadatika MahanagaBC 9 - 21
Built Ridee ViharayaKing Amandagamani Abhaya21 - 30
Built Chulagalla ViharayaKing Chulabhaya33 - 35
Built Valli Viharaya near UruwelaKing Subha60 - 66
Built Ekdwarika ViharayaKing Subha60 - 66
Built nandigrama Viharaya at GantheraKing Subha60 - 66
Built Mahawalli Gonu ViharayaKing Vasabha66 - 110
Built Maagama Anuradharama ViharayaKing Vasabha66 - 110
Built Muwela ViharayaKing Vasabha66 - 110
Built Vallisera ViharayaKing Vasabha66 - 110
Built Mahamangala Viharaya near Gona Nadee.King Vankanasika Tissa110 - 113
Built Ramaka ViharayaKing Gajabahu I113 - 135
Built Pejalaka ViharayaKing Mahallaka Naga135 - 141
Built Kotapabbatha ViharayaKing Mahallaka Naga135 - 141
Built Dakapasana ViharayaKing Mahallaka Naga135 - 141
Built Salipabbatha Viharaya @ NagadeepaKing Mahallaka Naga135 - 141
Built Thenaweli ViharayaKing Mahallaka Naga135 - 141
Built Kobbalanaga ViharayaKing Mahallaka Naga135 - 141
Built Girinalika ViharayaKing Mahallaka Naga135 - 141
Built Gawarathissa ViharayaKing Bhathika Thissa141 - 165
Built Bhathiya Thissa ViharayaKing Bhathika Thissa141 - 165
Built Bhootharaama ViharayaKing Kanitta Tissa165 - 193
Built Ramagonaka ViharayaKing Kanitta Tissa165 - 193
Built Anulathissa Parwatha ViharayaKing Kanitta Tissa165 - 193
Built Megawarna ViharayaKing Gotabhaya253 - 266
Built Aththanagalu ViharayaKing Gotabhaya253 - 266
Built Pasina Pabbatha ViharayaKing Jetta Tissa I266 - 276
Built Jethawanarama ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Minneri ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Gokanna ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Ruhunu Kalandaka ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Ruhunu Ekapilla ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Muwagam ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Hangasengala ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Dasengala ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Built Rooparamma ViharayaKing Mahasen276 - 303
Other Works
Invasion by Five Dravidans
Constructed Abhayagiri Vihara
Built Abhayagiriya Stupa
The Tripiṭaka was recorded on palm leaves
Baminithiya Saaya Famine
බමුණු වංශික තිස්ස කැරැල්ලක් ආරම්භ කරන ලදී
දමිළයන් සෝමා දේවිය අල්ලා ඉන්දියාවට රැගෙන