Henry Turner Irving
1872 - 1872
AfterWilliam Henry Gregory
1872 - 1877
AfterJames Robert Longden
1877 - 1883
William Henry Gregory
British Governors | British - (1872 - 1877)
Sir William Henry Gregory PC (Ire) (12 July 1817 – 6 March 1892) was an Anglo-Irish writer and politician, who is now less remembered than his wife Augusta, Lady Gregory, the literary hostess and folklorist.
 
The only child of Robert Gregory and Elizabeth O'Hara Gregory, William Gregory was born at the Castle, in Dublin. From 1830 to 1835 he attended Harrow, where he was an award-winning student. He entered Christ Church, Oxford in 1836, but left three years later without receiving a degree.
 
In 1842 Gregory was elected to the British House of Commons in a by-election as a Conservative member for Dublin. Among his close associates were Sir Robert Peel, Lord Lincoln and Lord George Bentinck, but he was also friendly with Daniel O'Connell and sympathetic to Catholic interests. He was responsible for the "Gregory Clause" of the relief laws passed in response to the Irish potato famine.
 
After Gregory failed to retain his seat in the general election of 1847 he took up residence on the family estate at Coole Park in County Galway. He was appointed High Sheriff of County Galway in 1849.[1] He had inherited a large fortune, mainly derived from the earnings of his grandfather in the East India Company, but he lost a large part of it at the racetrack.
 
Gregory travelled to Egypt in 1855 and wrote a two-volume work on his travels, Egypt in 1855 and 1856, and Tunis in 1857 and 1858, published privately in London in 1859.
 
In 1857 he was returned to Parliament for County Galway on a liberal-conservative platform.
 
In 1859 he travelled through North America, befriending several southern Congressmen, including James Murray Mason of Virginia and William Porcher Miles of South Carolina. Throughout the American Civil War Gregory was an avid supporter of the Confederacy. He also argued that Britain should pursue a strong anti-Turkish policy, and supported the cession of the Ionian Islands and Crete to Greece. In domestic affairs Gregory was active in defending the Roman Catholic clergy in Ireland and working for land reform. His interest in the arts led to a long association with the British Museum.
 
On 10 July 1871 Gregory was made a member of the Privy Council of Ireland and in the following year he was appointed Governor of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In 1875 he played host to the Prince of Wales and was presented with the Order of St. Michael and St. George.
 
Gregory retired from office in 1877 and returned to England via Australia. He spent most of the following years travelling. From October 1881 to April 1882 he toured Egypt and reported on the revolution there.He also visited Ceylon in 1884 and 1885.
 
Gregory was a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)[3] and a member of the Kildare Street Club in Dublin.[4]
 
Gregory was addicted to horse racing, which led to financial difficulties throughout his life. He remained fond of classical languages and literature, and always took an interest in artistic affairs.
 
Gregory married twice. On 11 January 1872 he married Elizabeth Temple Bowdoin, widow of James Temple Bowdoin and daughter of Sir William Clay. She died on 28 June 1873. On 4 March 1880 Gregory married Augusta Persse, later to become famous as Augusta, Lady Gregory. Their only child, William Robert Gregory, was born on 20 May 1881.
 
Gregory died of respiratory failure in London on 6 March 1892. His autobiography was edited and published by Lady Gregory in 1894. He bequeathed the important painting Christ in the House of Martha and Mary by Diego Velázquez, along with three other works including a Jan Steen, to the National Gallery, London of which he had been a Trustee from 1867 onwards.[3][5]
 
Lake Gregory in Nuwara Eliya and Gregory's Road in Colombo are named for him.
RULERS
Military Governors
1. Patrick Alexander Agnew1795 - 1796
2. James Stuart1796 - 1797
3. Welbore Ellis Doyle1797 - 1797
4. Peter Bonnevaux1797 - 1797
5. Pierre Frederic de Meuron1797 - 1798
Resident Superintendent
1. Robert Andrews1796 - 1798
British Governors
1. Frederick North1798 - 1805
2. Thomas Maitland1805 - 1811
3. John Wilson1811 - 1812
4. Robert Brownrigg1812 - 1820
5. Edward Barnes1820 - 1822
6. James Campbell1822 - 1824
7. Edward Paget1822 - 1822
8. Edward Barnes1824 - 1831
9. John Wilson1831 - 1831
10. Robert Wilmot-Horton1831 - 1837
11. James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie1837 - 1841
12. Colin Campbell1841 - 1847
13. The Viscount Torrington1847 - 1850
14. James Emerson Tennent1847 - 1847
15. Charles Justin MacCarthy1850 - 1850
16. George William Anderson1850 - 1855
17. Charles Justin MacCarthy1855 - 1855
18. Henry George Ward1855 - 1860
19. Charles Justin MacCarthy1860 - 1863
20. Charles Edmund Wilkinson1860 - 1860
21. Henry Frederick Lockyer1860 - 1860
22. Terence OBrien1863 - 1865
23. Hercules Robinson1865 - 1872
24. Henry Turner Irving1872 - 1872
25. William Henry Gregory1872 - 1877
26. James Robert Longden1877 - 1883
27. Arthur Hamilton-Gordon1883 - 1890
28. John Douglas1883 - 1883
29. Arthur Elibank Havelock1890 - 1895
30. Edward Noel Walker1895 - 1896
31. Joseph West Ridgeway1896 - 1903
32. Everard Fim Thurn1903 - 1903
33. Henry Arthur Blake1903 - 1907
34. Henry Edward McCallum1907 - 1913
35. Hugh Clifford1907 - 1907
36. Reginald Edward Stubbs1913 - 1913
37. Robert Chalmers1913 - 1915
38. Reginald Edward Stubbs1915 - 1916
39. John Anderson1916 - 1918
40. William Henry Manning1918 - 1925
41. Reginald Edward Stubbs1918 - 1918
42. Cecil Clementi1925 - 1925
43. Edward Bruce Alexander1925 - 1925
44. Hugh Clifford1925 - 1927
45. Arthur George Murchison Fletcher1927 - 1928
46. Herbert Stanley1928 - 1931
47. Graeme Thomson1931 - 1933
48. Bernard Henry Bourdillon1931 - 1931
49. Graeme Tyrrell1933 - 1933
50. Reginald Edward Stubbs1933 - 1937
51. Maxwell MacLagan Wedderburn1937 - 1937
52. Andrew Caldecott1937 - 1944
53. Henry Monck-Mason Moore1944 - 1948
Ceylonese Executive Councils
British Kings
1. King George III1760 - 1820
2. King George IV1820 - 1830
3. King William IV1830 - 1837
4. Queen Victoria1837 - 1901
5. King Edward VII1901 - 1910
6. King George V1910 - 1936
7. King Edward VIII1936 - 1936
8. King George VI1936 - 1948
WORKS
PHOTO GALLERY