King Gajabahu II
1131 - 1153
AgeingKing Parakramabahu I
1153 - 1186
AgeingKing Vijayabahu II
1186 - 1187
King Parakramabahu I
House of Vijayabahu | Polonnaruwa - (1153 - 1186)
Parākramabāhu I (Sinhala: 'මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු ') (Tamil: 'முதலாவது பராக்கிரமபாகு ') 'Maha Parākramabāhu' (Parākramabāhu the Great);1123–1186 was king of Sri Lanka from 1153 to 1186. During his reign from his capital Polonnaruwa, he unified the three sub kingdoms of the island, becoming one of the last monarchs in Sri Lankan history to do so. He oversaw the expansion and beautification of his capital, constructed extensive irrigation systems, reorganized the country's army, reformed Buddhist practices, encouraged the arts and undertook military campaigns in southern India and in Myanmar. The adage "not even a little water that comes from the rain must flow into the ocean without being made useful to man" is one of his most famous utterances.
 
Parākramabāhu spent much of his youth in the courts of his uncles Kitti Sri Megha and Sri Vallabha, the kings of the principalities of Dakkhinadesa and Ruhuna respectively, as well as in the court of the King of Rajarata, Gajabahu II. He succeeded his uncle Kitti as king of Dakkhinadesa around 1140 and over the next decade improved both Dakkhinadesa's infrastructure and military. Following a protracted civil war, he secured power over the entire island around 1153 and remained in this position until his death in 1186. During Parākramabāhu's reign, he launched a punitive campaign against the kings of Myanmar, aided the Pandyas against the Chola Empire in southern India and maintained extensive trade relations with China and countries in the Middle East.[4] Within the island, he consecrated religious monuments, built hospitals, social welfare units, canals and large reservoirs, such as the Sea of Parakrama.
Relatives
Grand FatherKing Vijayabahu I1055 - 1070
FatherPrince Manabarana~ - ~
MotherPrincess Rathnawali -
WifeQueen Leelawathie1197 - 1200
Father in LawKing Siri Wallabha~ - ~
Mother in LawQueen Sugaladevi -
NephewKing Vijayabahu II1186 - 1187
NephewKing Nissanka Malla1187 - 1196
WORKS
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